Logistics Information

Logistics Glossary

ABC Costing
activity based costing, where costs or charges reflect the underlying cost of providing the service. The charges by the logistics provider reflect the task performed.
APN
Australian Product Number Barcode unique to a product: 13 digit barcode or number, containing country prefix number (2), company number (5), item number (5) and a check digit (1). Also called GTIN - Global Trade Item Number
ASN
Advance Shipping Note is an EDI document which has completed order information compiled inside
Australian Standard Pallet
a pallet measuring 1.165m x 1.165m, and weighing approximately 40 kg. Hieght - 0.15m
B-Double
a combination of a prime mover and two independent trailers (one ‘lead’ trailer and one ‘tag’ trailer). Commonly sized to carry 32 or 34 pallets. Allowed to travel only on B-double approved routes.
B-Triple
a combination of a prime mover and three independent trailers. This configuration is currently under test on major interstate routes.
B2B
business to business trading using electronic (eCommerce) or electronic trading networks
Bogie Axle
refers to a prime mover, rigid truck or trailer on which there are two rear axles.
Carry cost
Cost associated with having inventory on hand. It is primarily made up of the costs associated with the inventory investment and storage; also called holding cost.
Cross-docking
Unloading materials from an incoming trailer and then loading them into an outbound trailer without sorting and distributing the items in the warehouse.
Curtain sider
a flexible sided trailer on which the curtains can be opened and closed for loading and unloading. Also known as a ‘Tautliner’.
Cycle count
Process of regularly scheduled inventory counts (usually daily) that “cycle” through your inventory.
DC
Distribution Centre
DIFOT
delivery in full on time. A measure of performance for transport/logistics providers
Distribution requirements planning (DRP)
Process for determining inventory requirements in a multiple plant/warehouse environment.
Dock leveler
Device that acts as a bridge between a truck or trailer and the loading ramp.
Dog Trailer
a trailer towed by a rigid truck that has one axle at the front and rear of the trailer.
Drive-in rack
Racking system that accommodates a fork lift into the bay.
Drop-deck Trailer
a trailer which has a section of deck lowered to increase the cubic capacity of the trailer.
Dunnage
Package filling material.
EAN Label
internationally recognised, standard label format, designed for use on any transport unit, including cartons, shippers (or inners) and pallets to identify the goods being transported
EAN
European Article Number: barcode numbering system recognised internationally
ECR
Efficient Consumer Response. This is linked with data integration and electronic commerce.
EDI
electronic data interchange
EFT
electronic funds transfer where payment is made electronically directly into a bank account
Euro Pallet
There are a number of size specifications for the Euro Pallet, however, they are not the same size as the Australia Pallet.
FEU
(40 foot equivalent unit) standard international shipping container
  Height Width Length Approx Tare Weight
TEU Standard 2.393m 2.350m 5.897m 2.6t
TEU High Cube 2.708m 2.372m 5.927m 2.7t
FEU Standard 2.393m 2.352m 12.032m 3.4t
FEU High Cube 2.703m 2.352m 12.032m 3.7t
FIFO
First in first out, method of rotating inventory so that the oldest products are used first.
Flex conveyor
Portable conveyor that can be expanded, contracted, and curved.
Flow rack
Racking system that incorporates sections of a conveyor so that cartons or pallets can flow to the front
FRM ©
floor ready merchandise services. Explanation of system that improves speed of goods onto the retail floor in a 'store ready' condition
Gravity conveyor
Conveyor, usually with wheels or rollers, that uses gravity to move items.
GTIN
Global Tracking Item Number. It is a product or APN number.
High-density storage
Storage in which pallets or cartons are stored more than one unit deep or high.
Inventory turn
Number of times inventory is replenished in a year; generally calculated by dividing the average inventory level (or current inventory level) into the annual inventory usage (annual cost of goods sold).
Just-in-time (JIT)
Usually thought of as describing inventory arriving or being produced just in time for the shipment or next process; actually a process for optimizing manufacturing processes by eliminating wasted steps, wasted material, and excess inventory.
Lead time
Amount of time required for an item to be available for use from the time it is ordered. Should include purchase order processing time, vendor processing time, in-transit time, and receiving, inspection, and prepack times.
LIFO
Last in first out, method of using the newest inventory first rather than rotating it so that the oldest is shipped out first.
Lift
a stack of one or more pallets of goods that fit into one pallet space on a truck.
Min-max
Inventory system in which once a product has reached the predetermined minimum quantity enough replacement product is order to bring the level up to the predetermined maximum quantity.
Open order
Order that has not yet been fulfilled.
Order cycle
Time between orders of a specific item; also called replenishment cycle.
Order management system
Software that receives customer order information and inventory availability from the warehouse management system and then groups orders by customer and priority, allocates inventory, and determines delivery dates; also called order processing system.
PAD
product activity data (see POS)
Pallet Space
the space taken up on a truck by one Australian Standard pallet, nominally 1.2m x 1.2m x 2.6m high.
Pig Trailer
a trailer towed by a rigid truck that has a single or bogie axle group at the centre of the trailer and relies on the rigid truck to support the front of the trailer.
POD
proof of delivery. Documentation that proves merchandise has been delivered (eg signed transport delivery docket or a scanned label with receipt of goods)
POS
point of sale. Upon sale of a product data is collected when the barcode is scanned so that sales data can be collected by the retailer. This data is sometimes called PAD data (product activity data)
Prime Mover
the ‘tractor’ unit that tows trailers.
Reverse logistics
Processing of returns.
RF
radio frequency
RFID
Radio frequency identification, systems that use transponders to transmit significant amounts of data to a receiver; often used as part of a real-time locator system.
Rigid Truck
a small truck (usually maximum 14 pallet capacity).
RPO
reverse purchase order where orders are automatically created when stock is sold through information gathered from point of sale (POS)
Safety stock
Quantity of inventory used in inventory management systems to allow for deviations in demand or supply.
Semi-trailer
a combination of a prime mover and an independent trailer. Commonly sized to carry 20, 22 or 24 pallets.
Single Axle
refers to a truck or trailer on which there is a single rear axle.
SKU
stock keeping unit. Description of an individual style of product
SKU
Stock-keeping unit, a specific item in a specific unit of measure
SSCC
Serial Shipping Container Code: a unique identifying number for individual shipment of goods. Sometimes called a Shipping Container Mark (SCM)
TEU
(20 foot equivalent unit) standard international shipping container.
Tri Axle
refers to a trailer on which there are three rear axles.
TUN
Trade Unit Number is a barcode that describes multiple units of APNs in packs or shippers
UPC
North American unique product barcode with twelve (12) digits
VAS
Value Added Services explains services that add value to merchandise before it reaches the retailers' shop floor. Is also called Floor Ready Merchandise (FRM©) Services.
VMI
vendor managed inventory. Where stock levels in retail stores are managed by the vendor or supplier. They are responsible for ownership of the stock and stock types and levels inside the store.
Warehouse management system (WMS)
Computer software designed to manage the storage and movement of items throughout the warehouse.
Wave picking
Method of order picking in which items are picked first and then sorted into individual orders.
WMS
warehouse management system. Computer programme that manages warehouse operations.
Zone picking
Method of picking orders in which the warehouse is divided into several zones; pickers are assigned a specific zone and pick only items in that zone before moving the order (usually via a conveyor system) to the next zone; also called pick-and-pass.

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